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How is Prediabetes Different To Type 2 Diabetes?

diciembre 21, 2018

Learn more about the differences of Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes on my guide

We hear the term “diabetes” and automatically think we know what it is, right? Well, those of us with diabetes probably do know that there are 2 or maybe 3 depending how you want to classify it, types of diabetes. Some will call prediabetes a form of diabetes, and I guess that is true, kind of like pre-school is kind of like school. I am not saying it is any less serious, it is just that pre means before and those with pre-diabetes are at a high risk to get diabetes, they just haven’t gotten it yet. Then there are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. And don’t forget about gestational diabetes. In this video, I will attempt to give you the similarities and differences in pre-diabetes and Type 2.

Diabetes affects approximately 30 million Americans today. 86 million have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes. Half of the adults in the US have either diabetes or prediabetes. Diabetes is a disorder of the endocrine system. With diabetes, blood sugar levels stay high because either the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin or the cells of the body are resistant to insulin and the pancreas can’t keep up. Either way, the glucose or sugar level in the blood stream becomes too high and the body cannot function properly.


In the U.S., 86 million people have blood glucose levels that are above the normal range, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. This is known as pre-diabetes. It is also known as impaired glucose tolerance. This type of diabetes is difficult to diagnose because most people with pre-diabetes usually have no symptoms. But pre-diabetes is almost always present before a person develops type 2 diabetes. Without symptomology however, it is hard to diagnose because most people don’t go see a doctor if they have no symptoms of a disease. Complications normally associated with diabetes, such as heart disease, can begin to develop even when a person has pre-diabetes.

In general, people who have a fasting plasma blood glucose in the 100-125 mg/dl range are defined as having impaired fasting glucose or pre-diabetes. Like many diseases, early detection can be very good. Talk to your doctor about testing for pre-diabetes. You may be able to prevent type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

According to Web MD, with type 2 diabetes, the body continues to produce insulin, although insulin production by the body may significantly decrease over time. The pancreas produces either not enough insulin, or the body is unable to recognize insulin and use it properly. When there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose can’t get into the body’s cells to be used as energy. This glucose then builds up in the blood.

This condition was once known adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. More common in adults, type 2 diabetes increasingly affects children as childhood obesity increases. There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren’t enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.

I hope this has shed some light on the difference between pre-diabetes and Type 2.

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