1. Check your risk of diabetes
Take the Life! risk assessment test and learn more about your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
2. Exercise regularly
Moderate physical activity on most days of the week helps manage weight, reduce blood glucose levels and may also improve blood pressure and cholesterol.
3. Manage your weight
Excess body fat, particularly if stored around the abdomen, can increase the body’s resistance to the hormone insulin. This can lead to type 2 diabetes.
4. Eat a balanced, healthy diet
Reduce the amount of fat in your diet, especially saturated and trans fats. Eat more fruit, vegetables and high-fibre foods. Cut back on salt.
5. Limit your alcohol intake
Too much alcohol can lead to weight gain and may increase your blood pressure and triglyceride levels.
6. Control your blood pressure
Most people can do this with regular exercise, a balanced diet and by keeping a healthy weight.
7. Limit takeaway and processed foods
‘Convenience meals’ are usually high in salt, fat and kilojoules. It’s best to cook for yourself using fresh ingredients whenever possible.
8. Reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease
Diabetes and cardiovascular disease have many risk factors in common, including obesity and physical inactivity.
9. Quit smoking
Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as non-smokers.
10. Visit doctor for regular check-ups
As you get older, it’s a good idea to regularly check your blood glucose, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.